Prof. Dr. Michael Butter


Michael Butter has been Professor of American Literary and Cultural History at the University of Tübingen since 2014. He received his PhD from the University of Bonn in 2007 and his Habilitation from the University of Freiburg in 2012. He is the author of three monographs: The Epitome of Evil: Hitler in American Fiction, 1939–2002 (New York: Palgrave, 2009), Plots, Designs, and Schemes: American Conspiracy Theories from the Puritans to the Present (Berlin/Boston: de Gruyter, 2014), and Der »Washington-Code«: Zur Heroisierung amerikanischer Präsidenten, 1775-1865 (Göttingen: Wallstein, 2016). His research interests include the colonial period and the Early Republic, the construction of heroes, film, popular culture, and conspiracy theories. He was the main proposer and now serves as vice chair of the EU COST Action “Comparative Analysis of Conspiracy Theories.”


Address: Wilhelmstr. 50, 72074 Tübingen
Office: Room 558
Phone: (+49)(0)7071-29-77341
Fax: (+49)(0)7071-29-5132
Email: michael.butter[at]



  • The COST Action „Comparative Analysis of Conspiracy Theories“ aims at synthesizing and moving forward the European research on conspiracy theories. The network currently comprises more than 120 scholars from 36 countries and over a dozen disciplines. The next internal meeting will take place at the Hotel de Bilderberg near Amsterdam in May 2018. More information about the project is available on its official website.

  • Michael Butter has just finished a German introduction to conspiracy theories aimed at a general audience. "Nichts ist, wie es scheint": Über Verschwörungstheorien will be published by Suhrkamp in spring 2018. More information is available here.

  • In February 2018, Michael Butter and Simon Wendt will organize the annual conference of the historians within the German Association for American Studies in Tutzing near Munich. The program will be available soon.




"Think Thrice, It’s Alright: Mad Men’s ‘The Wheel’ and the Future Study of Television Narratives.” Narrative 25.3 (2017): 374-89.


"Dunkle Komplotte: Zur Geschichte und Funktion von Verschwörungstheorien." Politikum 3 (2017): 4-14.


Der »Washington-Code«: Zur Heroisierung amerikanischer Präsidenten, 1775-1865. Göttingen: Wallstein, 2016. Figurationen des Heroischen 3.


(with Astrid Franke and Horst Tonn) Von Selma bis Ferguson: Rasse und Rassismus in den USA. Bielefeld: transcript, 2016. American Culture Studies 15.


(with Birte Christ) American Presidency. Special Issue of Der Fremdsprachliche Unterricht Englisch 141 (2016). [Peer-reviewed]









ZP (as part of the PS II Literature), B.A., M.A., Staatsexamen, Promotion