A NEW PAINTED GRAECO-PERSIAN SARCOPHAGUS FROM CAN.
Nurten Sevinç, Reyhan Körpe, Musa Tombul, Charles Brian Rose,
Donna Strahan, Henrike Kiesewetter, and John Wallrodt
ABSTRACT


In the winter of 1998 looters plundered a tumulus at Çan, midway between Ilion and the satrapal capital at Daskyleion. Contained within the tumulus was a marble sarcophagus with two reliefs of Graeco-Persian type, and nearly all of the original paint still survives. The sarcophagus was moved to the Çanakkale museum, and this article contains a discussion of its iconography and a description of the conservation process, including an analysis of the pigments and a discussion of the human bones.
It was probably made for a local Anatolian dynast during the first quarter of the fourth century B.C., when many of the tombs in Lycia were constructed. The man appears to have fallen from his horse during battle and died several years later, when he was between the ages of 22 and 28. The front of the sarcophagus features a stag and a boar hunt separated by a bare tree, and one of the riders in the stag hunt has individualized facial features analogous to dynastic/satrapal portraiture on contemporary Lycian coinage. The figure of the second rider in the stag hunt was finished, painted, and then chiseled off the surface in what may have been an act of damnatio memoriae. On one of the short sides there is a battle between an armed Anatolian dynast and a Greek; a mercenary soldier may also be represented. This discovery, along with those from the Dedetepe and K?zöldün tumuli, has revolutionized our knowledge of funerary customs in this part of northwestern Turkey.
 

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