Prof. Dr. Ulrich Trautwein

© Mira Keßler

Ulrich Trautwein is professor of Education Sciences and executive director of the Hector Research Institute of Education Sciences and Psychology at the University of Tübingen. Prior to this, Professor Trautwein was a senior researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Berlin.


Professor Trautwein's area of research is empirical educational research, broadly defined. In particular, his research interests are directed primarily to the development of self-referent cognitions in the school context, school management and the influence of homework on school achievement.

Selected Publications

  • Berendes, K., Vajjala, S., Meurers, D., Bryant, D., Wagner, W., Chinkina, M., & Trautwein, U. (in press). Reading demands in secondary school: Does the linguistic complexity of textbooks increase with grade level and the academic orientation of the school track? Journal of Educational Psychology. doi:10.1037/edu0000225
  • Göllner, R., Wagner, W., Eccles, J. S., & Trautwein, U. (in press). Students' idiosyncratic perceptions of teaching quality in mathematics: A result of rater tendency alone or an expression of dyadic effects between students and teachers? Journal of Educational Psychology. doi:10.1037/edu0000236
  • Bertram, C., Wagner, W., & Trautwein, U. (2017). Learning historical thinking with oral history interviews: A cluster randomized controlled intervention study of oral history interviews in history lessons. American Educational Research Journal, 54, 444–484.
  • Brisson, B. M., Dicke, A.-L., Gaspard, H., Häfner, I., Flunger, B., Nagengast, B., & Trautwein, U. (2017). Short intervention, sustained effects: Promoting students’ competence beliefs, effort, and achievement in mathematics. American Educational Research Journal, 54, 1048–1078.
  • Hübner, N., Wille, E., Cambria, J., Oschatz, K., Nagengast, B., & Trautwein, U. (2017). Maximizing gender equality by minimizing course choice options? Effects of obligatory coursework in math on gender differences in STEM. Journal of Educational Psychology, 109, 993–1009.
  • Wagner, W., Göllner, R., Werth, S., Voss, T., Schmitz, B., & Trautwein, U. (2016). Student and teacher ratings of instructional quality: Consistency of ratings over time, agreement, and predictive power. Journal of Educational Psychology, 108(5), 705-721. doi:10.1037/edu0000075
  • Damian, R. I., Su, R., Shanahan, M., Trautwein, U. & Roberts, B. (2015). Can personality traits and intelligence compensate for background disadvantage? Predicting status attainment in adulthood. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 109, 473-489. doi:10.1037/pspp0000024 Full Text

  • Gaspard, H., Dicke, A.-L., Flunger, B., Schreier, B., Häfner, I., Trautwein, U., & Nagengast, B. (2015). More value through greater differentiation: Gender differences in value beliefs about math. Journal of Educational Psychology, 107(3), 663-677. doi:10.1037/edu0000003 Full Text

  • Roloff Hennoch, J., Klusmann, U., Lüdtke, O., & Trautwein, U. (2015). The question who becomes a teacher revisited: Does the study major explain differences between teacher candidates and other students? Learning and Instruction, 36, 46-56

  • Trautwein, U., Dumont, H., & Dicke, A.-D. (2015). Schooling: Impact on cognitive and motivational development. In J. D. Wright (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (2nd ed., Vol. 21, pp. 119-124). Oxford: Elsevier. doi:10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.26056-X

  • Trautwein, U., Lüdtke, O., Nagy, N., Lenski, A., Niggli, A., & Schnyder, I. (2015). Using individual interest and conscientiousness to predict academic effort: additive, synergistic, or compensatory effects? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 109, 142-162. doi:10.1037/pspp0000034

  • Marsh, H., Lüdtke, O., Nagengast, B., Trautwein, U., Abduljabbar, A.S., Abdelfattah, F., & Jansen, M. (2015). Dimensional comparison theory: Paradoxical relations between self-beliefs and achievements in multiple domains. Learning and Instruction, 35, 16-32. doi:0.1016/j.learninstruc.2014.08.005 Full Text

  • Dumont, H., Trautwein, U., Nagy, G. & Nagengast, B. (2014). Quality of parental homework involvement: Predictors and reciprocal relations with academic functioning in the reading  domain. Journal of Educational Psychology, 106, 144-161. doi:10.1037/a0034100

  • Chmielewski, A. K., Dumont, H., & Trautwein, U. (2013). Tracking effects depend on tracking type: An international comparison of mathematics self-concept. American Educational Research Journal, 50, 925-957. doi:10.3102/0002831213489843 Full Text

  • Kunter, M. & Trautwein, U. (2013). Psychologie des Unterrichts. Reihe: StandardWissen Lehramt. Stuttgart: UTB.
  • Trautwein, U., Nagengast, B., Marsh, H. W., Gaspard, H., Dicke, A.-L., Lüdtke, O., et al. (2013). Expectancy-value theory revisited: From expectancy-value theory to expectancy-valueS theory? In D. M. McInerney, H. W. Marsh, R. G. Craven & F. Guay (Eds.), Theory Driving Research: New wave perspectives on self-processes and human development (pp. 233–249). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.
  • Becker, M., Lüdtke, O., Trautwein, U., Köller, O., & Baumert, J. (2012). The differential effects of school tracking: Do academic-track schools make students smarter? Journal of Educational Psychology, 104, 682–699. doi:10.1037/a0027608
  • Jackson, J. J., Thoemmes, F., Jonkmann, K., Lüdtke, O., & Trautwein, U. (2012). Military training and personality trait development: Does the military make the man or does the man make the military? Psychological Science, 23, 270–277. doi:0.1177/0956797611423545 Full Text
  • Sälzer, C., Trautwein, U., Lüdtke, O., & Stamm, M. (2012). Predicting adolescent truancy: The importance of distinguishing between different aspects of instructional quality. Learning and Instruction, 22, 311–319. doi:10.1016/j.learninstruc.2011.12.001
  • Trautwein, U., Marsh, H.W., Nagengast, B., Lüdtke, O., Nagy, G., & Jonkmann, K. (2012). Probing for the multiplicative term in modern expectancy-value theory: A latent interaction modeling study. Journal of Educational Psychology, 104, 763–777. doi:10.1037/a0027470
  • Lüdtke, O., Roberts, B., Trautwein, U., & Nagy, G. (2011). A random walk down university avenue: Life paths, life events, and personality trait change at the transition to university. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101, 620–637. doi:10.1037/a0023743 Full Text
  • Dettmers, S., Trautwein, U., Lüdtke, O., Kunter, M., & Baumert, J. (2010). Homework works if homework quality is high: using multilevel modeling to predict the development of achievement in mathematics. Journal of Educational Psychology, 102, 467-482. doi:10.1037/a0018453
  • Trautwein, U., Neumann, M., Nagy, G., Lüdtke, O. & Maaz, K. (Eds.). (2010). Schulleistungen von Abiturienten: Die neu geordnete gymnasiale Oberstufe auf dem Prüfstand [School achievement of Abitur students: Evaluating the reform of upper secondary education]. Wiesbaden, Germany: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
  • Trautwein, U., Lüdtke, O., Marsh, H. W., & Nagy, G. (2009). Within-school social comparison: How students’ perceived standing of their class predicts academic self-concept. Journal of Educational Psychology, 101, 853-866. doi:10.1037/a0016306 Full Text
  • Trautwein, U., Lüdtke, O., Roberts, B. W., Schnyder, I., & Niggli, A. (2009). Different forces, same consequence: Conscientiousness and competence beliefs are independent predictors of academic effort and achievement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97, 1115-1128. doi:10.1037/a0017048
  • Trautwein, U., Niggli, A., Schnyder, I., & Lüdtke, O. (2009). Between-teacher differences in homework assignments and the development of students’ homework effort, homework emotions, and achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology, 101, 176-189. doi:10.1037/0022-0663.101.1.176 Full Text
  • Trautwein, U., & Baeriswyl, F. (2007). Wenn leistungsstarke Klassenkameraden ein Nachteil sind: Referenzgruppeneffekte bei Übergangsentscheidungen [When high-achieving classmates put students at a disadvantage: Reference group effects at the transition to secondary schooling]. Zeitschrift für Pädagogische Psychologie, 21, 119-133. doi:10.1024/1010-0652.21.2.119 Open Access
  • Trautwein, U., Lüdtke, O., Kastens, C., & Köller, O. (2006). Effort on homework in grades 5 through 9: Development, motivational antecedents, and the association with effort on classwork. Child Development, 77, 1094-1111. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2006.00921.x Full Text
  • Trautwein, U., Lüdtke, O., Köller, O., & Baumert, J. (2006). Self-esteem, academic self-concept, and achievement: How the learning environment moderates the dynamics of self-concept. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90, 334-349. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.90.2.334
  • Trautwein, U., Lüdtke, O., Marsh, H. W., Köller, O., & Baumert, J. (2006). Tracking, grading, and student motivation: Using group composition and status to predict self-concept and interest in ninth grade mathematics. Journal of Educational Psychology, 98, 788-806. doi:10.1037/0022-0663.98.4.788
  • Trautwein, U., Lüdtke, O., Schnyder, I., & Niggli, A. (2006). Predicting homework effort: Support for a domain-specific, multilevel homework model. Journal of Educational Psychology, 98, 438-456. doi:10.1037/0022-0663.98.2.438 Full Text


University of Tübingen

Hector Research Institute of Education Sciences and Psychology

Europastraße 6

72072 Tübingen


Room 306

Phone: +49 7071/29–73931

Fax: +49 7071/29-5371




Office hours:

Tuesday, 12:00-13:00

by appointment only (Margit Fritz)

Further information