Dynamics of Cognitive Processes in Sentence Comprehension

A lot is known in syntax about the characteristics of cognitive processes that are triggered by linguistic structures; the sub-processes of online interpretation, in particular the composition of meaning, are far less well-understood. One central question is how the supposed incrementality of cognitive processes can be related to theories of the compositional processing. Existing interpretations of Frege's principle of compositionality are based on the sentence as a whole and ignore the temporal dimension of the semantic processing almost completely. The size and nature of sub-sentential units to which the various aspects of an incremental computation of meaning refer, and the processes that control the actual composition of meaning in time, are therefore unresolved issues.

B1 (Hohaus/Stolterfoht/Ulrich): Incrementality in Semantic Interpretation

B2 (Franke/Jäger/Janczyk): Time Course Presupposition Processing

B4 (Kaup/Leuthold): The Experiential Simulation View of Language Comprehension: How is Sentence Meaning Composed?

B5 (Lidzba/Winkler/Krägeloh-Mann): Syntax and Semantics of Reorganized Language and its Neuronal Architecture (finished on 31 December 2013)

B7 (Ulrich/Maienborn): Language Processing and Temporal Cognition

B8 (Stolterfoht): Position and Interpretation: Syntactic, Semantic and Information-Structural Restrictions on the Cognitive Processing of Adjuncts

B9 (Friedrich/Weber): Getting a grip on non-literal meaning: the dynamics of understanding idiomatic expressions in language learners